Tainan Public Library

Tainan Public Library

Tainan, Taiwan

Architecture, Landscape, Library

Size: 37,000 m2
Status: Ongoing
Project Design: 2016
Project Realisation: 2017 - 2020
Address: No. 255, Kangqiao Avenue, Yongkang District, Tainan City
Client: Cultural Affairs Bureau, Tainan City Government, Taiwan

Design Team: Mecanoo and MAYU Architects

Programme: Library of 37,000 m2 with adult library, special collections, study spaces, multimedia rooms, children’s area, event spaces, areas for teenagers and senior citizens, café, 180-seat conference hall, 290-seat auditorium, bookshop, commercial spaces, archive and visitors services; landscaped square and courtyards; including possible future extension of 13,000 m2.

Awards: 1st Prize Competition

Photography: Ethan Lee

Mecanoo and MAYU’s design for the Tainan Public Library represents the meeting of cultures, generations and histories. Rational yet elegant structural lines and a sensitive use of light characterise the building’s timeless design.

Reaching up into the sky, the building’s perimeter increases on each level. The result is a large canopy that provides shade to the transparent stepped facade and below-grade courtyards. Around the perimeter of the Lower Ground Floor is an outdoor children’s play area. A floor-to-ceiling glazed wall creates a visual connection between the play area and indoor children’s reading room. 

A sunken plaza on the same level is a multifunctional outdoor space for hosting talks, exhibitions or social gatherings. The entrance lobby rises three levels to show the library’s internal configuration and the layering of floors. The generous open-plan spaces ensure the library can adapt to future needs.

On the top floor, a delicate second skin is wrapped around the building, filtering the light and reducing solar heat gain. A pattern of typical Tainan window frames is transposed onto vertical louvres and represents the city’s evolving relationship with its past. The new library is a built expression of the social, cultural and traditional facets that have amalgamated to form the city of Tainan.

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